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    Neurosurgery

    Neurosurgery is a surgical specialty that provides diagnosis and surgical treatment for diseases that involve the structures of the nervous system. These structures include:

    • The brain, spinal cord, and peripheral nerves
    • The bones, ligaments, tendons, and other connective tissues that surround the nervous system
    • The blood vessels that supply to the nervous system

    A medical doctor that specializes in neurosurgery is called a neurosurgeon. There are several sub-specialties in neurosurgery, including

    • Functional and stereotactic neurosurgery
    • Neurotrauma
    • Pediatric neurosurgery
    • Skull base neurosurgery
    • Spinal neurosurgery
    • Surgical neuro-oncology
    • Vascular neurosurgery
    What is Neurosurgery used for?

    Neurosurgeons treat people who have suffered from brain or spinal cord injuries, diseases, or conditions, such as:

    • Blood vessel disorders in the brain or spinal cord, such as aneurysms, arteriovenous malformations (AVM), and dural arteriovenous fistulae
    • Stroke disorders such as ischemic strokes (caused by blood clots), hemorrhagic strokes (caused by bleeding in the brain), and transient ischemic attacks (TIA or “mini-stroke”)
    • Brain injury, including anoxic injury or traumatic brain injury
    • Brain tumors, both benign and cancerous
    • Degenerative disorders (disorders that get worse over time) such as Parkinson’s disease, multiple sclerosis, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis (ALS), Huntington’s chorea, and Alzheimer’s disease
    • Functional disorders, such as headache, seizure disorder, dizziness, balance disorders, and neuralgia
    • Infections, such as meningitis, encephalitis, polio, and brain abscesses
    • Movement disorders, such as dyskinesia and essential tremor
    • Neuromuscular disorders, such as Bell’s palsy, cervical spondylosis, peripheral neuropathy, muscular dystrophy, myasthenia gravis, and Guillain-Barré syndrome
    Am I a good candidate for Neurosurgery?

    If you have experienced a brain, spinal cord, or peripheral nerve injury, or you have a disease or condition affecting the brain, spine, or peripheral nervous system, you may need to see a neurosurgeon. A primary care or internal medicine physician can help you to know when it is time to see a neurosurgeon or other specialists.

    If you are experiencing a medical emergency, please dial 9-1-1.

    Information and Resources

    The American Board of Neurological Surgery

    • Date of last review: July 12, 2017

    About Barrow

    Since our doors opened as a regional specialty center in 1962, we have grown into one of the premiere destinations in the world for neurology and neurosurgery. Our experienced, highly skilled, and comprehensive team of neurological specialists can provide you with a complete spectrum of care–from diagnosis through outpatient neurorehabilitation–under one roof. Barrow Neurological Institute: Discover. Educate. Heal.